- Model NO.: CAS: 50-99-7 (D-glucose) / 921-60-8 (L-glucose)
- Nutritional Value: Nutritional
- Resource: Natural
- Einecs Number: 200-075-1
- Appearance: White Powder
- Trademark: Hugestone
- Origin: Jiangsu
- Type: Glucose
- Effect: Energy
- CAS: 50-99-7 (D-Glucose) / 921-60-8 (L-Glucose)
- Unii: 5SL0g7r0ok
- Density: 1.54 g/cm3
- Specification: C6H12O6. H2O
- HS Code: 17023000
Two stereoisomers of the aldohexose sugars are known as glucose, only one of which (D-glucose) is biologically active. This form (D-glucose) is often referred to as dextrose monohydrate, or, especially in the food industry, simply dextrose (from dextrorotatory glucose). This article deals with the D-form of glucose. The mirror-image of the molecule, L-glucose, cannot be metabolized by cells in the biochemical process known as glycolysis.
The chemical D-glucose is sometimes referred to as dextrose, a historical name that derives from dextrorotatory glucose because a solution of D-glucose in water rotates the plane of polarized light to the right . However, the D- in D-glucose refers to a chiral chemical similarity property in sugars, not the property of rotating light . For this reason, the D- and L- designations in sugars do not perfectly predict optical rotation, and do not refer to this property.
Starch and cellulose are polymers derived from the dehydration of D-glucose. The other stereoisomer, called L-glucose, is rarely found in nature.